Features of release on parole for female convicts in practice, including a lighter sentence of imprisonment – while changing a non-custodial sentence
This article discusses the features of parole for female convicts, including the mechanism of commutation of lighter sentences – non-custodial sentences and their compliance with international conventions. The institution of release on parole, together with other institutions of conditional release, is a kind of second chance for the convict to prove through actions that he/she is ready for release. Planning rehabilitation and cultural activities in the prison, the existence of the institution of parole, taking care of convicts’ re-socialization after the release are associated with quite large mental and financial resources. The main concern of any country is the person and his rights.
In Georgia, the conditional release authority is an independent, local council of the Special Penitentiary Service (hereinafter referred to as the local council), which, to some extent, also includes the function of the judiciary within its powers. The article will discuss the powers of the local parole council, the relevant legal guarantees for council members, as well as the legal basis for parole in Georgia.
Particular attention will be paid to the extent to which different features of female convicts are taken into consideration by the local council in practice. Also, noteworthy is the use of house arrest as a punishment for women offenders when the parole council changes the prison sentence to house arrest or non-custodial sentence.
The article will also discuss the issues identified as a result of the analysis of the decisions made by the local council and possible ways to solve the problems in practice.
House arrest, resocialization, rehabilitation